Cerebral Palsy (CP) is the most common chronic physical disorder in children, and it includes a group of non-progressive disorders resulting from brain damage. It develops in the brain of the fetus or infant, and is often associated with motor impairment, vision problems, hearing impairment, lack of coordination, and may impact cognitive, mental, and behavioural issues.
This disease is one of the significant problems in pediatric neurology and imposes many economic and social issues on individuals, the family and the health system.
Types of cerebral palsy based on the intensity and shape of its mould according to GMFCS (Gross Motor Function Classification System):
1. Spastic (motor and spastic disorder) is the most common type of CP that results from damage to the upper motor neurons located in the pyramidal pathway (pyramidal).
5. Ataxic is a rare type of CP that occurs in less than 5% of cases. In general, it is the most common type of spastic cerebral palsy. The main known risk factors for this disease are premature birth, intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR), intrauterine infection. In addition, the condition is more common in males.
At the moment, there have been numerous rehabilitation and medical interventions to help these patients increase their functional skills, regardless of their permanent physical disability. However, there is no effective drug, effective rehabilitation, or surgical treatment for these conditions.